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4 Easy Steps to Factory Reset Your MacBook

Before selling or giving away your MacBook, you must erase any personal information.

Are you growing weary with your old MacBook? You may be seeking to upgrade to a MacBook Pro 14 or 16, or you may be entering the desktop market by preordering the recently announced Mac Studio. You may also be interested in the speculated M2 MacBook Pro, which may be released later this year.


However, prior to purchasing a new MacBook, you may be able to generate funds by selling your old Mac to offset the cost of a new one. However, you’ll first need to transfer your data to the new Mac and completely erase the old one.
Before giving your Mac to a friend or family member, recycling it, or donating it to a charity, you should delete your personal information and files.


It is a key security safeguard you should not bypass. Even if you trust the buyer, don’t give them access to your laptop’s hard disc. There is always a danger that a virus could gain access to your sensitive information.
Here’s how to erase all traces of your data and restore your old Mac’s factory settings.

Sign out of every account you use.

After transferring your files to a new Mac or taking a last backup, remove any traces of yourself. First, you will need to log out of every account. Previously, iTunes was used for this, but now you must sign out of Music, TV, and Books separately. Open these applications and navigate to Account > Authorizations > Deauthorize This Computer. Enter your Apple ID and password before clicking the Deauthorize button.


Next, you must disable Find My Mac and log out of iCloud. Click iCloud in the left panel of System Preferences > Apple ID, then uncheck Find My Mac. Next, select Overview from the panel on the left, and then click Sign Out.
Finally, you must log out of Messages. Launch the Messages app, navigate to Messages > Preferences > iMessage, and then hit Sign Out.

Bluetooth unpairing

Before gifting your old Mac to a child or family member, unpair all Bluetooth devices. Navigate to System Preferences > Bluetooth, click the X button to the right of the device’s name, and then click Remove.

Reset NVRAM

NVRAM is the memory in which your Mac stores settings required prior to running MacOS, such as screen resolution, time zone, volume level, and startup disc selection. Sometimes these files might become corrupted, so offer the next owner of your Mac a clean slate by resetting NVRAM. Turn off your Mac and hold Option, Command, P, and R. You may release the keys after approximately 20 seconds. That is all! The NVRAM of your Mac has been reset.

Factory reset

You must enter Recovery Mode on your MacBook ($894 at Amazon) in order to wipe all of your data and reinstall MacOS. To enter Recovery Mode on an Intel-based Mac, restart the device and immediately hold down the Command-R key. When the Apple logo appears, you may release the keys.


(If you have already configured an M1-based Mac, booting into Recovery Mode differs significantly. Hold the power button until the startup window appears, then pick Options and Continue.


Next, the MacOS utility window will appear. If you haven’t renamed your starting disc, it’s presumably called “Macintosh HD.” Click the Erase button at the top of the Disk Utility window and enter the following information:
Choose a title for the brand-new volume. Why not choose the reliable Macintosh HD?

Format: Choose APFS. 

Choose Mac OS Extended (Journaled) for Format if you are attempting to sell an aged Mac with a mechanical hard drive rather than a solid-state drive.
After clicking the Erase Volume Group button, leave Disk Utility after it has completed its task. (If the Erase Volume Group button is not there in the lower-left corner, click the Erase button in the lower-right corner.)


You should return to the window for MacOS Utilities. (If not, restart your Mac while holding down the Command-R key.) Choose Reinstall MacOS from the MacOS utility window and then follow the on-screen directions to install the operating system. It’s ready for a new owner.


Here’s how to factory reset your iPhone, reset misbehaving AirPods, and reset a Chromebook in less than one minute. Check out every Apple product revealed during its most recent event.

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